Flow Measurement [2]

The determination of the quantity of a fluid, either a liquid, vapor, or gas, that passes through a pipe, duct, or open channel. Flow may be expressed as a rate of volumetric flow (such as liters per second, gallons per minute, cubic meters per second, cubic feet per minute), mass rate of flow (such as kilograms per second, pounds per hour), or in terms of a total volume or mass flow (integrated rate of flow for a given period of time).Measurement is accomplished by a variety of means, depending upon the quantities, flow rates, and types of fluids involved. Many industrial process flow measurements consist of a combination of two devices: a primary device that is placed in intimate contact with the fluid and generates a signal, and a secondary device that translates this signal into a motion or a secondary signal for indicating, recording, controlling, or totalizing the flow. Other devices indicate or totalize the flow directly through the interaction of the flowing fluid and the measuring device that is placed directly or indirectly in contact with the fluid stream.

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